MATLAB y manejo de matrices de celdas en bucle for

I am new to MATLAB and would like to extract data from a cell array that I got from my database:

sensors = 

[ 1]    [23]    [1]    [  0]    [0.1000]            [1x29 char]
[ 2]    [23]    [1]    [120]    [0.1000]            [1x43 char]
[ 3]    [23]    [1]    [120]    [0.1000]            [1x42 char]
[ 4]    [23]    [1]    [ 15]    [0.1000]    'Air Temp Grey Box'
[ 5]    [23]    [1]    [120]    [0.1000]            [1x34 char]
[ 6]    [23]    [1]    [120]    [0.1000]            [1x33 char]
[ 7]    [23]    [1]    [120]    [0.1000]    'Pool Water Temp'  
[ 8]    [23]    [2]    [  0]    [0.1000]            [1x28 char]
[ 9]    [23]    [1]    [ 30]    [0.1000]            [1x22 char]
[10]    [23]    [1]    [ 30]    [0.1000]            [1x22 char]
[11]    [23]    [1]    [ 30]    [0.1000]            [1x21 char]
[12]    [23]    [1]    [ 15]    [0.1000]            [1x20 char]
[13]    [23]    [1]    [ 15]    [0.1000]            [1x23 char]
[14]    [23]    [1]    [ 30]    [0.1000]            [1x22 char]
[15]    [23]    [1]    [ 15]    [0.1000]    'Ground Air '      
[16]    [23]    [1]    [  5]    [0.1000]    'Boiler Cold Water'
[17]    [23]    [1]    [  5]    [0.1000]    'Boiler Hot Water' 
[18]    [23]    [1]    [  5]    [0.1000]    'Boiler CH Flow'   
[19]    [23]    [1]    [  5]    [0.1000]    'Boiler CH Return' 

Now I would like to grab the first column, i.e. the numbers 1 to 19 as well as the respective names in the last column and use them in a for loop, e.g.:

for ID=xxxx
    str = num2str(ID);
    SQLcommand = strcat('SELECT FROM data where ID=',str);
    answer = database.exec(SQLcommand);
    ......
end

I have tried several different attempts but never succeeded in getting just one of the elements.

Help is appreciated :), thanks in advance. axon

preguntado el 08 de enero de 11 a las 17:01

3 Respuestas

Though sage's answer above will work, it's not really proper, or efficient use of Matlab's cell arrays. You can eliminate many of the extraneous function calls by using proper cell array content indexing. you can address any element of a cell array in two ways - () or {}. () gets the cell, still as a cell. {} however, pulls out the contents of the cell, in it's base type.

So sensors(1, end) is a 1x1 cell array, but sensors{1, end} is a 1x29 char string.

Por tu problema:

numRows = size(sensors, 1);
for rowIdx = 1:numRows;
    sensorName = sensors{rowIdx, end};
    sql = ['select * from data where ID = ' num2str(sensors{rowIdx, 1})];
    ...
end

You could also eliminate the num2str() call if you fetched the sensor ID as a char instead of a number - i.e. if your original DB fetch that populated sensors did the cast.

In addition, if you weren't further querying from the DB, you could vectorize this whole thing, but I'm afraid I'm away from my Matlab machine, so I can't build that one off the top of my head.

Respondido el 09 de enero de 11 a las 17:01

Thanks to you as well. The data that I fetch from the DB is unaltered and therefore the sensor ID is a number instead of a string or char array. Thanks for explaining the difference between the brace types. - aXon

This is a bit verbose because I explained inline, but here is how I would do it in MATLAB:

[nRows, nCols] = size(sensors); % get the numbers of rows and columns
for currRow = 1:nRows
    % The following selects the current row and the first column, gets the
    % ID, and then converts it to a number and then a string
    firstColAsStr = num2str(cell2mat(sensors(currRow,1)));

    % The following selects the current row and the last column, known to
    % be a cell containing a string, and converts directly to a character
    % array, aka a string
    lastColAsStr = char(sensors(currRow,nCols));

    % Insert here what you want to do with the items (e.g., your SQL
    % commands)

end

Respondido el 08 de enero de 11 a las 20:01

Not really the most efficient use of cell arrays. You forgot about {} indexing. - Marc

This is how you'd do it in Octave. Octave's cell-array syntax is different from MATLAB's, so there might be a more direct way to it.

for ctr = 1:length(sensors)
    idstr = num2str(sensors{ctr}{1}); %# get the first column of the ctr''d row
    namestr = sensors{ctr}{6}; %# get the sixth column of the ctr''d row
    ...
end

Basically, in Octave you index cell arrays using {} en lugar de ().

The following does not work in Octave, but does in MATLAB:

allIds = cell2mat(sensors(:,1)); %# or maybe sensors{:,1}

Respondido el 09 de enero de 11 a las 12:01

I index cell arrays with parens. The last item does not work for me in MATLAB, but this does: allIds = cell2mat(sensors(:,1)); The similar line works for the last column, but pads the strings with ' ': allIds = char(sensors(:,end)); - salvia

This did it for me: for ctr = 1:length(sensors); idStr = num2str(sensors{ctr,1}); nameStr=sensors{ctr,6}; end; This way I can grab the info that I need, thanks :) The second one works as well, giving me both things in an array of double and an array of chars :) - aXon

@sage - that syntax is a lot nicer. Unfortunately it doesn't work in Octave, ah well. - mtrw

@aXon - see sage's answer, it turns out Matlab can use parentheses. - mtrw

@mtrw: If you don't mind, I did edit your post concerning cell indexing. - zellus

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