Diferencia en meses entre dos fechas

How to calculate the difference in months between two dates in C#?

Is there is equivalent of VB's DateDiff() method in C#. I need to find difference in months between two dates that are years apart. The documentation says that I can use TimeSpan me gusta:

TimeSpan ts = date1 - date2;

but this gives me data in Days. I don't want to divide this number by 30 because not every month is 30 days and since the two operand values are quite apart from each other, I am afraid dividing by 30 might give me a wrong value.

¿Alguna sugerencia?

preguntado el 09 de enero de 11 a las 11:01

Define "difference in months", what's the difference in months between "May 1,2010" and "June 16,2010"? 1.5, 1 or something else? -

Or, to stress this point further, what's the difference in months between 31 December 2010 and 1 Jan 2011? Depending on the daytime this could be a difference of only 1 second; would you count this as a difference of one month? -

Here is the simple and short code in case, you still couldn't get the answer, see this PUBLICAR stackoverflow.com/questions/8820603/… -

Danny: 1 month and 15 days. stakx: 0 months and 1 day. The point is to get the mes component. This seems pretty obvious to me and is a good question. -

30 Respuestas

Assuming the day of the month is irrelevant (i.e. the diff between 2011.1.1 and 2010.12.31 is 1), with date1 > date2 giving a positive value and date2 > date1 a negative value

((date1.Year - date2.Year) * 12) + date1.Month - date2.Month

Or, assuming you want an approximate number of 'average months' between the two dates, the following should work for all but very huge date differences.

date1.Subtract(date2).Days / (365.25 / 12)

Note, if you were to use the latter solution then your unit tests should state the widest date range which your application is designed to work with and validate the results of the calculation accordingly.


Update (with thanks to Gary)

If using the 'average months' method, a slightly more accurate number to use for the 'average number of days per year' is 365.2425.

Respondido el 03 de Septiembre de 17 a las 10:09

@Kurru - 365 / 12 is only an approximate measure of the average length of a month in days. It is an inaccurate measure. For small date ranges this inaccuracy can be tolerated but for very huge date ranges this inaccuracy may become significant. - Adam Ralph

I think it is necessary to consider Day component. Something like this (date1.Year - date2.Year) * 12 + date1.Month - date2.Month + (date1.Day >= date2.Day ? 0 : -1) - DrunkCoder

@DrunkCoder it depends on the requirements of a given system. In some cases your solution may indeed be the best choice. E.g. it's important to consider what happens when two dates span a 31 day month, a 30 day month, a 28 day February or a 29 day February. If the results of your formula deliver what the system requires then it's clearly the right choice. If not, then something else is required. - Adam Ralph

To second what Adam said, I spent years writing code for Acturaries. Some calculations were divide by number of days, round up by 30 to get monthly figure. Sometimes counting months assumed every date starts on the first of the month, count whole months accordingly. No hay el albergue mejor calificado method when it comes to calculating dates. Unless are the customer you're writing code for, push this back up the chain and get it clarified, possibly by you customers accountant. - Preocupado binario

365.2425 is slightly more accurate number of days in a Gregorian Calendar, if that is what you are using. However, by DateTime.MaxValue (January 1, 10000) that's only about 59 days difference. Also, the definition of a year can be much different depending on your perspective en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Year. - Gary

Here is a comprehensive solution to return a DateTimeSpan, similar a un TimeSpan, except that it includes all the date components in addition to the time components.

Uso:

void Main()
{
    DateTime compareTo = DateTime.Parse("8/13/2010 8:33:21 AM");
    DateTime now = DateTime.Parse("2/9/2012 10:10:11 AM");
    var dateSpan = DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now);
    Console.WriteLine("Years: " + dateSpan.Years);
    Console.WriteLine("Months: " + dateSpan.Months);
    Console.WriteLine("Days: " + dateSpan.Days);
    Console.WriteLine("Hours: " + dateSpan.Hours);
    Console.WriteLine("Minutes: " + dateSpan.Minutes);
    Console.WriteLine("Seconds: " + dateSpan.Seconds);
    Console.WriteLine("Milliseconds: " + dateSpan.Milliseconds);
}

Salidas:

Años: 1
Months: 5
Days: 27
Horario: 1
Minutos: 36
Seconds: 50
Milliseconds: 0

For convenience, I've lumped the logic into the DateTimeSpan struct, but you may move the method CompareDates wherever you see fit. Also note, it doesn't matter which date comes before the other.

public struct DateTimeSpan
{
    public int Years { get; }
    public int Months { get; }
    public int Days { get; }
    public int Hours { get; }
    public int Minutes { get; }
    public int Seconds { get; }
    public int Milliseconds { get; }

    public DateTimeSpan(int years, int months, int days, int hours, int minutes, int seconds, int milliseconds)
    {
        Years = years;
        Months = months;
        Days = days;
        Hours = hours;
        Minutes = minutes;
        Seconds = seconds;
        Milliseconds = milliseconds;
    }

    enum Phase { Years, Months, Days, Done }

    public static DateTimeSpan CompareDates(DateTime date1, DateTime date2)
    {
        if (date2 < date1)
        {
            var sub = date1;
            date1 = date2;
            date2 = sub;
        }

        DateTime current = date1;
        int years = 0;
        int months = 0;
        int days = 0;

        Phase phase = Phase.Years;
        DateTimeSpan span = new DateTimeSpan();
        int officialDay = current.Day;

        while (phase != Phase.Done)
        {
            switch (phase)
            {
                case Phase.Years:
                    if (current.AddYears(years + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        phase = Phase.Months;
                        current = current.AddYears(years);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        years++;
                    }
                    break;
                case Phase.Months:
                    if (current.AddMonths(months + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        phase = Phase.Days;
                        current = current.AddMonths(months);
                        if (current.Day < officialDay && officialDay <= DateTime.DaysInMonth(current.Year, current.Month))
                            current = current.AddDays(officialDay - current.Day);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        months++;
                    }
                    break;
                case Phase.Days:
                    if (current.AddDays(days + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        current = current.AddDays(days);
                        var timespan = date2 - current;
                        span = new DateTimeSpan(years, months, days, timespan.Hours, timespan.Minutes, timespan.Seconds, timespan.Milliseconds);
                        phase = Phase.Done;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        days++;
                    }
                    break;
            }
        }

        return span;
    }
}

Respondido el 19 de diciembre de 18 a las 18:12

@KirkWoll thanks. But why is that DateTimeSpan returns 34 days for this date time difference actually it is 35 timeanddate.com/date/… - Deeptechtons

@Deeptechtons, nice catch. There were a couple issues you've brought to my attention, both having to do with the start date is 31 and the date "passes through" months with fewer days. I've inverted the logic (so that it goes from early to later than vice versa) and now accumulates the months without modifying the current date (and thus passing through in-between months with fewer days) Still not entirely sure what the ideal result should be when comparing 10/31/2012 a 11/30/2012. Right now the result is 1 month. - Kirk Woll

@KirkWoll thanks for the update, maybe i got few more gotchas let me affirm it after some tests Good Job :) - Deeptechtons

I wrote an answer stackoverflow.com/a/17537472/1737957 to a similar question which tested proposed answers (and found that most of them don't work). This answer is one of the few that does work (according to my test suite). Link to github on my answer. - JWG

@KirkWoll - This answer doesn't appear to work for edge cases where the from date has a day value higher than the to date's month or where the source date is a leap day. Try 2020-02-29 a 2021-06-29 - it returns "1y 4m 1d", but the value should be "1y 4m 0d", right? - Enigmatividad

Podrías hacerlo

if ( date1.AddMonths(x) > date2 )

Respondido el 20 de Septiembre de 11 a las 20:09

This is so simple and works perfect for me. I was pleasantly surprised to see it works as intended when calculating a date from the end of 1 month to a date at the end of the next month that has less days. For example.. 1-31-2018 + 1 month = Feb 28 218 - lucky.expert

This is one of the better solutions. - barnacle.m

Really simple and efficient solution! The best answer proposed. - Cedric Arnould

What if date1 = 2018-10-28 and date2 = 2018-12-21 ? Answer will be 2. while correct answer should be 3. Because of date range is for 3 months. if we count only months ignoring days. So this answer is NOT correct. - Tommix

More logical would be: if ( date1.AddMonths(x).Month == date2.Month ) then you just use x + 1 as months count - Tommix

If you want the exact number of full months, always positive (2000-01-15, 2000-02-14 returns 0), considering a full month is when you reach the same day the next month (something like the age calculation)

public static int GetMonthsBetween(DateTime from, DateTime to)
{
    if (from > to) return GetMonthsBetween(to, from);

    var monthDiff = Math.Abs((to.Year * 12 + (to.Month - 1)) - (from.Year * 12 + (from.Month - 1)));

    if (from.AddMonths(monthDiff) > to || to.Day < from.Day)
    {
        return monthDiff - 1;
    }
    else
    {
        return monthDiff;
    }
}

Edit reason: the old code was not correct in some cases like :

new { From = new DateTime(1900, 8, 31), To = new DateTime(1901, 8, 30), Result = 11 },

Test cases I used to test the function:

var tests = new[]
{
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), To = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), Result = 0 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), To = new DateTime(1900, 1, 2), Result = 0 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 2), To = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), Result = 0 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), To = new DateTime(1900, 2, 1), Result = 1 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 2, 1), To = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), Result = 1 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 31), To = new DateTime(1900, 2, 1), Result = 0 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 8, 31), To = new DateTime(1900, 9, 30), Result = 0 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 8, 31), To = new DateTime(1900, 10, 1), Result = 1 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), To = new DateTime(1901, 1, 1), Result = 12 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1), To = new DateTime(1911, 1, 1), Result = 132 },
    new { From = new DateTime(1900, 8, 31), To = new DateTime(1901, 8, 30), Result = 11 },
};

respondido 03 mar '18, 10:03

Just so as to avoid confusion for other people, I think this solution is not correct. Using the test case: new { From = new DateTime(2015, 12, 31), To = new DateTime(2015, 6, 30), Result = 6 } the test will fail as the result is 5. - Cristian Badila

Added a quick gist with the fix I propose - Cristian Badila

I'm not sure I get it, my function returns 6 as it should: dotnetfiddle.net/MRZNnC - Guillaume86

I copied the test case here by hand and It has a mistake. The failing spec should be: new { From = new DateTime(2015, 12, 31), To = new DateTime(2016, 06, 30), Result = 6 }. The "bug" lies in the to.Day < from.Day code which doesn't take into account that months can end in a different "day of the month". In this case from December 31st 2015, until June 30 2016, 6 complete months will have passed (since June has 30 days) but your code would return 5. - Cristian Badila

It's expected behavior in my opinion, well or it's the behavior I do expect at least. I precised a complete month is when you reach the same day (or the next month like in this case). - Guillaume86

I checked the usage of this method in VB.NET via MSDN and it seems that it has a lot of usages. There is no such a built-in method in C#. (Even it's not a good idea) you can call VB's in C#.

  1. Añadir Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll to your project as a reference
  2. utilizado Microsoft.VisualBasic.DateAndTime.DateDiff en tu código

Respondido el 09 de enero de 11 a las 15:01

Why do you think it's not a good idea? Intuitively, I would guess that the library is 'just another .NET library' to the runtime. Note, I am playing devil's advocate here, I would also be relunctant to do this since it just 'feels wrong' (kind of cheating) but I wonder if there is any convincing technical reason not to do this. - Adam Ralph

@AdamRalph: No reason at all not to do it. Those libraries are implemented in 100% managed code, so it's all the same as everything else. The only conceivable difference is that the Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll module has to be loaded, but the time it takes to do that is negligible. There's no reason to cheat yourself out of thoroughly tested and useful features just because you've chosen to write your program in C#. (This goes for things like My.Application.SplashScreen as well.) - Cody Grey ♦

Would you change your mind if you knew that it was written in C#? It was. By the same logic, using System.Data and PresentationFramework is cheating too, substantial parts of it written in C++/CLI. - Hans Passant

@AdamRalph: Any particular examples of that "strange baggage" that spring to mind? Or are you saying that purely hypothetically? And yeah, it might mess with the minds of some of your C# buddies who have been writing an epic amount of code to do something that you can do in one line with the right using statement, but I doubt there'll be any serious damage. - Cody Grey ♦

@Cody Gray: agreed, the example is trivial as you illustrate. It's the extra code 'noise' introduced by calling such an unusual (from a C# POV) method that I'd be keen to avoid. In a well organised team such things would anyway be picked up in code review and can be easily avoided. BTW - I'm not trying to attack VB6/VB.NET. I described such methods as 'strange' only because, from a .NET POV, there's no reason for DateAndTime.Year() to exist, given that DateTime tiene un Year property. It only exists to make VB.NET appear more like VB6. As a former VB6 programmer, I can appreciate this ;-) - Adam Ralph

To get difference in months (both start and end inclusive), irrespective of dates:

DateTime start = new DateTime(2013, 1, 1);
DateTime end = new DateTime(2014, 2, 1);
var diffMonths = (end.Month + end.Year * 12) - (start.Month + start.Year * 12);

Respondido el 19 de diciembre de 14 a las 13:12

Imagine start y end are identical. Then you get a result of 1. How is that right? Why do you add 1 to the result? Who is up-voting this answer :-/ ? - paul

For identical dates, it will give output as 1. Basically, it will count all the months inclusive start and end months. - chirag

doesn't sound like the difference between two items to me. What is the difference between 2 and 2? Is it really 1? I would suggest the difference is 0. - paul

Utilización de Hora de Noda:

LocalDate start = new LocalDate(2013, 1, 5);
LocalDate end = new LocalDate(2014, 6, 1);
Period period = Period.Between(start, end, PeriodUnits.Months);
Console.WriteLine(period.Months); // 16

(example source)

contestado el 23 de mayo de 17 a las 15:05

I just needed something simple to cater for e.g. employment dates where only the month/year is entered, so wanted distinct years and months worked in. This is what I use, here for usefullness only

public static YearsMonths YearMonthDiff(DateTime startDate, DateTime endDate) {
    int monthDiff = ((endDate.Year * 12) + endDate.Month) - ((startDate.Year * 12) + startDate.Month) + 1;
    int years = (int)Math.Floor((decimal) (monthDiff / 12));
    int months = monthDiff % 12;
    return new YearsMonths {
        TotalMonths = monthDiff,
            Years = years,
            Months = months
    };
}

.NET violín

respondido 03 mar '18, 20:03

Puede utilizar el Datediff clase de la Time Period Library for .NET:

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
public void DateDiffSample()
{
  DateTime date1 = new DateTime( 2009, 11, 8, 7, 13, 59 );
  DateTime date2 = new DateTime( 2011, 3, 20, 19, 55, 28 );
  DateDiff dateDiff = new DateDiff( date1, date2 );

  // differences
  Console.WriteLine( "DateDiff.Months: {0}", dateDiff.Months );
  // > DateDiff.Months: 16

  // elapsed
  Console.WriteLine( "DateDiff.ElapsedMonths: {0}", dateDiff.ElapsedMonths );
  // > DateDiff.ElapsedMonths: 4

  // description
  Console.WriteLine( "DateDiff.GetDescription(6): {0}", dateDiff.GetDescription( 6 ) );
  // > DateDiff.GetDescription(6): 1 Year 4 Months 12 Days 12 Hours 41 Mins 29 Secs
} // DateDiffSample

Respondido 05 Abr '14, 12:04

Here is my contribution to get difference in Months that I've found to be accurate:

namespace System
{
     public static class DateTimeExtensions
     {
         public static Int32 DiffMonths( this DateTime start, DateTime end )
         {
             Int32 months = 0;
             DateTime tmp = start;

             while ( tmp < end )
             {
                 months++;
                 tmp = tmp.AddMonths( 1 );
             }

             return months;
        }
    }
}

Uso:

Int32 months = DateTime.Now.DiffMonths( DateTime.Now.AddYears( 5 ) );

You can create another method called DiffYears and apply exactly the same logic as above and AddYears instead of AddMonths in the while loop.

Respondido 29 ago 16, 12:08

This worked for what I needed it for. The day of month didn't matter in my case because it always happens to be the last day of the month.

public static int MonthDiff(DateTime d1, DateTime d2){
    int retVal = 0;

    if (d1.Month<d2.Month)
    {
        retVal = (d1.Month + 12) - d2.Month;
        retVal += ((d1.Year - 1) - d2.Year)*12;
    }
    else
    {
        retVal = d1.Month - d2.Month;
        retVal += (d1.Year - d2.Year)*12;
    }
    //// Calculate the number of years represented and multiply by 12
    //// Substract the month number from the total
    //// Substract the difference of the second month and 12 from the total
    //retVal = (d1.Year - d2.Year) * 12;
    //retVal = retVal - d1.Month;
    //retVal = retVal - (12 - d2.Month);

    return retVal;
}

respondido 03 mar '18, 07:03

The most precise way is this that return difference in months by fraction :

private double ReturnDiffereceBetweenTwoDatesInMonths(DateTime startDateTime, DateTime endDateTime)
{
    double result = 0;
    double days = 0;
    DateTime currentDateTime = startDateTime;
    while (endDateTime > currentDateTime.AddMonths(1))
    {
        result ++;

        currentDateTime = currentDateTime.AddMonths(1);
    }

    if (endDateTime > currentDateTime)
    {
        days = endDateTime.Subtract(currentDateTime).TotalDays;

    }
    return result + days/endDateTime.GetMonthDays;
}

respondido 03 mar '18, 12:03

My understanding of the total months difference between 2 dates has an integral and a fractional part (the date matters).

The integral part is the full months difference.

The fractional part, for me, is the difference of the % of the day (to the full days of month) between the starting and ending months.

public static class DateTimeExtensions
{
    public static double TotalMonthsDifference(this DateTime from, DateTime to)
    {
        //Compute full months difference between dates
        var fullMonthsDiff = (to.Year - from.Year)*12 + to.Month - from.Month;

        //Compute difference between the % of day to full days of each month
        var fractionMonthsDiff = ((double)(to.Day-1) / (DateTime.DaysInMonth(to.Year, to.Month)-1)) -
            ((double)(from.Day-1)/ (DateTime.DaysInMonth(from.Year, from.Month)-1));

        return fullMonthsDiff + fractionMonthsDiff;
    }
}

With this extension, those are the results:

2/29/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 2/28/2001 => 12
2/28/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 2/28/2001 => 12.035714285714286
01/01/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 01/16/2000 => 0.5
01/31/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 01/01/2000 => -1.0
01/31/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 02/29/2000 => 1.0
01/31/2000 TotalMonthsDifference 02/28/2000 => 0.9642857142857143
01/31/2001 TotalMonthsDifference 02/28/2001 => 1.0

respondido 03 mar '18, 20:03

Here is a simple solution that works at least for me. It's probably not the fastest though because it uses the cool DateTime's AddMonth feature in a loop:

public static int GetMonthsDiff(DateTime start, DateTime end)
{
    if (start > end)
        return GetMonthsDiff(end, start);

    int months = 0;
    do
    {
        start = start.AddMonths(1);
        if (start > end)
            return months;

        months++;
    }
    while (true);
}

respondido 04 mar '18, 10:03

This simple static function calculates the fraction of months between two Datetimes, e.g.

  • 1.1. to 31.1. = 1.0
  • 1.4. to 15.4. = 0.5
  • 16.4. to 30.4. = 0.5
  • 1.3. to 1.4. = 1 + 1/30

The function assumes that the first date is smaller than the second date. To deal with negative time intervals one can modify the function easily by introducing a sign and a variable swap at the beginning.

public static double GetDeltaMonths(DateTime t0, DateTime t1)
{
     DateTime t = t0;
     double months = 0;
     while(t<=t1)
     {
         int daysInMonth = DateTime.DaysInMonth(t.Year, t.Month);
         DateTime endOfMonth = new DateTime(t.Year, t.Month, daysInMonth);
         int cutDay = endOfMonth <= t1 ? daysInMonth : t1.Day;
         months += (cutDay - t.Day + 1) / (double) daysInMonth;
         t = new DateTime(t.Year, t.Month, 1).AddMonths(1);
     }
     return Math.Round(months,2);
 }

respondido 24 nov., 19:12

You can use Noda Time https://nodatime.org/

LocalDate start = new LocalDate(2010, 1, 5);
LocalDate end = new LocalDate(2012, 6, 1);
Period period = Period.Between(start, end, PeriodUnits.Months);
Console.WriteLine(period.Months);

Respondido el 07 de enero de 20 a las 14:01

Public Class ClassDateOperation
    Private prop_DifferenceInDay As Integer
    Private prop_DifferenceInMonth As Integer
    Private prop_DifferenceInYear As Integer


    Public Function DayMonthYearFromTwoDate(ByVal DateStart As Date, ByVal DateEnd As Date) As ClassDateOperation
        Dim differenceInDay As Integer
        Dim differenceInMonth As Integer
        Dim differenceInYear As Integer
        Dim myDate As Date

        DateEnd = DateEnd.AddDays(1)

        differenceInYear = DateEnd.Year - DateStart.Year

        If DateStart.Month <= DateEnd.Month Then
            differenceInMonth = DateEnd.Month - DateStart.Month
        Else
            differenceInYear -= 1
            differenceInMonth = (12 - DateStart.Month) + DateEnd.Month
        End If


        If DateStart.Day <= DateEnd.Day Then
            differenceInDay = DateEnd.Day - DateStart.Day
        Else

            myDate = CDate("01/" & DateStart.AddMonths(1).Month & "/" & DateStart.Year).AddDays(-1)
            If differenceInMonth <> 0 Then
                differenceInMonth -= 1
            Else
                differenceInMonth = 11
                differenceInYear -= 1
            End If

            differenceInDay = myDate.Day - DateStart.Day + DateEnd.Day

        End If

        prop_DifferenceInDay = differenceInDay
        prop_DifferenceInMonth = differenceInMonth
        prop_DifferenceInYear = differenceInYear

        Return Me
    End Function

    Public ReadOnly Property DifferenceInDay() As Integer
        Get
            Return prop_DifferenceInDay
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property DifferenceInMonth As Integer
        Get
            Return prop_DifferenceInMonth
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property DifferenceInYear As Integer
        Get
            Return prop_DifferenceInYear
        End Get
    End Property

End Class

Respondido 14 ago 11, 18:08

This is from my own library, will return the difference of months between two dates.

public static int MonthDiff(DateTime d1, DateTime d2)
{
    int retVal = 0;

    // Calculate the number of years represented and multiply by 12
    // Substract the month number from the total
    // Substract the difference of the second month and 12 from the total
    retVal = (d1.Year - d2.Year) * 12;
    retVal = retVal - d1.Month;
    retVal = retVal - (12 - d2.Month);

    return retVal;
}

Respondido 25 Abr '12, 17:04

Does this work? I keep getting 11 on paper for Jan-31-2014 y Dec-31-2013 - Dave Cousineau

You can have a function something like this.

For Example, from 2012/12/27 to 2012/12/29 becomes 3 days. Likewise, from 2012/12/15 to 2013/01/15 becomes 2 months, because up to 2013/01/14 it's 1 month. from 15th it's 2nd month started.

You can remove the "=" in the second if condition, if you do not want to include both days in the calculation. i.e, from 2012/12/15 to 2013/01/15 is 1 month.

public int GetMonths(DateTime startDate, DateTime endDate)
{
    if (startDate > endDate)
    {
        throw new Exception("Start Date is greater than the End Date");
    }

    int months = ((endDate.Year * 12) + endDate.Month) - ((startDate.Year * 12) + startDate.Month);

    if (endDate.Day >= startDate.Day)
    {
        months++;
    }

    return months;
}

Respondido el 27 de diciembre de 12 a las 14:12

you can use the following extension: Código

public static class Ext
{
    #region Public Methods

    public static int GetAge(this DateTime @this)
    {
        var today = DateTime.Today;
        return ((((today.Year - @this.Year) * 100) + (today.Month - @this.Month)) * 100 + today.Day - @this.Day) / 10000;
    }

    public static int DiffMonths(this DateTime @from, DateTime @to)
    {
        return (((((@to.Year - @from.Year) * 12) + (@to.Month - @from.Month)) * 100 + @to.Day - @from.Day) / 100);
    }

    public static int DiffYears(this DateTime @from, DateTime @to)
    {
        return ((((@to.Year - @from.Year) * 100) + (@to.Month - @from.Month)) * 100 + @to.Day - @from.Day) / 10000;
    }

    #endregion Public Methods
}

Implementation !

int Age;
int years;
int Months;
//Replace your own date
var d1 = new DateTime(2000, 10, 22);
var d2 = new DateTime(2003, 10, 20);
//Age
Age = d1.GetAge();
Age = d2.GetAge();
//positive
years = d1.DiffYears(d2);
Months = d1.DiffMonths(d2);
//negative
years = d2.DiffYears(d1);
Months = d2.DiffMonths(d1);
//Or
Months = Ext.DiffMonths(d1, d2);
years = Ext.DiffYears(d1, d2); 

Respondido 22 Oct 15, 21:10

Here's a much more concise solution using VB.Net DateDiff for Year, Month, Day only. You can load the DateDiff library in C# as well.

date1 must be <= date2

VB.NET

Dim date1 = Now.AddDays(-2000)
Dim date2 = Now
Dim diffYears = DateDiff(DateInterval.Year, date1, date2) - If(date1.DayOfYear > date2.DayOfYear, 1, 0)
Dim diffMonths = DateDiff(DateInterval.Month, date1, date2) - diffYears * 12 - If(date1.Day > date2.Day, 1, 0)
Dim diffDays = If(date2.Day >= date1.Day, date2.Day - date1.Day, date2.Day + (Date.DaysInMonth(date1.Year, date1.Month) - date1.Day))

C#

DateTime date1 = Now.AddDays(-2000);
DateTime date2 = Now;
int diffYears = DateDiff(DateInterval.Year, date1, date2) - date1.DayOfYear > date2.DayOfYear ? 1 : 0;
int diffMonths = DateDiff(DateInterval.Month, date1, date2) - diffYears * 12 - date1.Day > date2.Day ? 1 : 0;
int diffDays = date2.Day >= date1.Day ? date2.Day - date1.Day : date2.Day + (System.DateTime.DaysInMonth(date1.Year, date1.Month) - date1.Day);

Respondido 29 Abr '16, 17:04

This is in response to Kirk Woll's answer. I don't have enough reputation points to reply to a comment yet...

I liked Kirk's solution and was going to shamelessly rip it off and use it in my code, but when I looked through it I realized it's way too complicated. Unnecessary switching and looping, and a public constructor that is pointless to use.

Here's my rewrite:

public class DateTimeSpan {
    private DateTime _date1;
    private DateTime _date2;
    private int _years;
    private int _months;
    private int _days;
    private int _hours;
    private int _minutes;
    private int _seconds;
    private int _milliseconds;

    public int Years { get { return _years; } }
    public int Months { get { return _months; } }
    public int Days { get { return _days; } }
    public int Hours { get { return _hours; } }
    public int Minutes { get { return _minutes; } }
    public int Seconds { get { return _seconds; } }
    public int Milliseconds { get { return _milliseconds; } }

    public DateTimeSpan(DateTime date1, DateTime date2) {
        _date1 = (date1 > date2) ? date1 : date2;
        _date2 = (date2 < date1) ? date2 : date1;

        _years = _date1.Year - _date2.Year;
        _months = (_years * 12) + _date1.Month - _date2.Month;
        TimeSpan t = (_date2 - _date1);
        _days = t.Days;
        _hours = t.Hours;
        _minutes = t.Minutes;
        _seconds = t.Seconds;
        _milliseconds = t.Milliseconds;

    }

    public static DateTimeSpan CompareDates(DateTime date1, DateTime date2) {
        return new DateTimeSpan(date1, date2);
    }
}

Usage1, pretty much the same:

void Main()
{
    DateTime compareTo = DateTime.Parse("8/13/2010 8:33:21 AM");
    DateTime now = DateTime.Parse("2/9/2012 10:10:11 AM");
    var dateSpan = new DateTimeSpan(compareTo, now);
    Console.WriteLine("Years: " + dateSpan.Years);
    Console.WriteLine("Months: " + dateSpan.Months);
    Console.WriteLine("Days: " + dateSpan.Days);
    Console.WriteLine("Hours: " + dateSpan.Hours);
    Console.WriteLine("Minutes: " + dateSpan.Minutes);
    Console.WriteLine("Seconds: " + dateSpan.Seconds);
    Console.WriteLine("Milliseconds: " + dateSpan.Milliseconds);
}

Usage2, similar:

void Main()
{
    DateTime compareTo = DateTime.Parse("8/13/2010 8:33:21 AM");
    DateTime now = DateTime.Parse("2/9/2012 10:10:11 AM");
    Console.WriteLine("Years: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Years);
    Console.WriteLine("Months: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Months);
    Console.WriteLine("Days: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Days);
    Console.WriteLine("Hours: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Hours);
    Console.WriteLine("Minutes: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Minutes);
    Console.WriteLine("Seconds: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Seconds);
    Console.WriteLine("Milliseconds: " + DateTimeSpan.CompareDates(compareTo, now).Milliseconds);
}

Respondido 21 Abr '17, 18:04

In my case it is required to calculate the complete month from the start date to the day prior to this day in the next month or from start to end of month.


Ex: from 1/1/2018 to 31/1/2018 is a complete month
Ex2: from 5/1/2018 to 4/2/2018 is a complete month

so based on this here is my solution:

public static DateTime GetMonthEnd(DateTime StartDate, int MonthsCount = 1)
{
    return StartDate.AddMonths(MonthsCount).AddDays(-1);
}
public static Tuple<int, int> CalcPeriod(DateTime StartDate, DateTime EndDate)
{
    int MonthsCount = 0;
    Tuple<int, int> Period;
    while (true)
    {
        if (GetMonthEnd(StartDate) > EndDate)
            break;
        else
        {
            MonthsCount += 1;
            StartDate = StartDate.AddMonths(1);
        }
    }
    int RemainingDays = (EndDate - StartDate).Days + 1;
    Period = new Tuple<int, int>(MonthsCount, RemainingDays);
    return Period;
}

Uso:

Tuple<int, int> Period = CalcPeriod(FromDate, ToDate);

Note: in my case it was required to calculate the remaining days after the complete months so if it's not your case you could ignore the days result or even you could change the method return from tuple to integer.

respondido 03 mar '18, 05:03

public static int PayableMonthsInDuration(DateTime StartDate, DateTime EndDate)
{
    int sy = StartDate.Year; int sm = StartDate.Month; int count = 0;
    do
    {
        count++;if ((sy == EndDate.Year) && (sm >= EndDate.Month)) { break; }
        sm++;if (sm == 13) { sm = 1; sy++; }
    } while ((EndDate.Year >= sy) || (EndDate.Month >= sm));
    return (count);
}

This solution is for Rental/subscription calculation, where difference doesn't means to be subtraction, it's meant to be the span in within those two dates.

respondido 03 mar '18, 07:03

There's 3 cases: same year, previous year and other years.

If the day of the month does not matter...

public int GetTotalNumberOfMonths(DateTime start, DateTime end)
{
    // work with dates in the right order
    if (start > end)
    {
        var swapper = start;
        start = end;
        end = swapper;
    }

    switch (end.Year - start.Year)
    {
        case 0: // Same year
            return end.Month - start.Month;

        case 1: // last year
            return (12 - start.Month) + end.Month;

        default:
            return 12 * (3 - (end.Year - start.Year)) + (12 - start.Month) + end.Month;
    }
}

respondido 03 mar '18, 07:03

I wrote a function to accomplish this, because the others ways weren't working for me.

public string getEndDate (DateTime startDate,decimal monthCount)
{
    int y = startDate.Year;
    int m = startDate.Month;

    for (decimal  i = monthCount; i > 1; i--)
    {
        m++;
        if (m == 12)
        { y++;
            m = 1;
        }
    }
    return string.Format("{0}-{1}-{2}", y.ToString(), m.ToString(), startDate.Day.ToString());
}

respondido 03 mar '18, 12:03

Please answer in English (vs any invented language ...) - kleopatra

Why not just do startDate.AddMonths(monthCount).ToShortDateString()? This doesn't answer the original question that was asked anyway! - TabbyCool

oh, sorry @TabbyCool , this code works good in my program! programmers rule says: first code works and then optimization! tanx for ur comment :) - reza akhlaghi

There are not a lot of clear answers on this because you are always assuming things.

This solution calculates between two dates the months between assuming you want to save the day of month for comparison, (meaning that the day of the month is considered in the calculation)

Example, if you have a date of 30 Jan 2012, 29 Feb 2012 will not be a month but 01 March 2013 will.

It's been tested pretty thoroughly, probably will clean it up later as we use it, but here:

private static int TotalMonthDifference(DateTime dtThis, DateTime dtOther)
{
    int intReturn = 0;
    bool sameMonth = false;

    if (dtOther.Date < dtThis.Date) //used for an error catch in program, returns -1
        intReturn--;

    int dayOfMonth = dtThis.Day; //captures the month of day for when it adds a month and doesn't have that many days
    int daysinMonth = 0; //used to caputre how many days are in the month

    while (dtOther.Date > dtThis.Date) //while Other date is still under the other
    {
        dtThis = dtThis.AddMonths(1); //as we loop, we just keep adding a month for testing
        daysinMonth = DateTime.DaysInMonth(dtThis.Year, dtThis.Month); //grabs the days in the current tested month

        if (dtThis.Day != dayOfMonth) //Example 30 Jan 2013 will go to 28 Feb when a month is added, so when it goes to march it will be 28th and not 30th
        {
            if (daysinMonth < dayOfMonth) // uses day in month max if can't set back to day of month
                dtThis.AddDays(daysinMonth - dtThis.Day);
            else
                dtThis.AddDays(dayOfMonth - dtThis.Day);
        }
        if (((dtOther.Year == dtThis.Year) && (dtOther.Month == dtThis.Month))) //If the loop puts it in the same month and year
        {
            if (dtOther.Day >= dayOfMonth) //check to see if it is the same day or later to add one to month
                intReturn++;
            sameMonth = true; //sets this to cancel out of the normal counting of month
        }
        if ((!sameMonth)&&(dtOther.Date > dtThis.Date))//so as long as it didn't reach the same month (or if i started in the same month, one month ahead, add a month)
            intReturn++;
    }
    return intReturn; //return month
}

respondido 03 mar '18, 21:03

Based on the excellent DateTimeSpan work done above, I've normalized the code a bit; this seems to work pretty well:

public class DateTimeSpan
{
  private DateTimeSpan() { }

  private DateTimeSpan(int years, int months, int days, int hours, int minutes, int seconds, int milliseconds)
  {
    Years = years;
    Months = months;
    Days = days;
    Hours = hours;
    Minutes = minutes;
    Seconds = seconds;
    Milliseconds = milliseconds;
  }

  public int Years { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Months { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Days { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Hours { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Minutes { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Seconds { get; private set; } = 0;
  public int Milliseconds { get; private set; } = 0;

  public static DateTimeSpan CompareDates(DateTime StartDate, DateTime EndDate)
  {
    if (StartDate.Equals(EndDate)) return new DateTimeSpan();
    DateTimeSpan R = new DateTimeSpan();
    bool Later;
    if (Later = StartDate > EndDate)
    {
      DateTime D = StartDate;
      StartDate = EndDate;
      EndDate = D;
    }

    // Calculate Date Stuff
    for (DateTime D = StartDate.AddYears(1); D < EndDate; D = D.AddYears(1), R.Years++) ;
    if (R.Years > 0) StartDate = StartDate.AddYears(R.Years);
    for (DateTime D = StartDate.AddMonths(1); D < EndDate; D = D.AddMonths(1), R.Months++) ;
    if (R.Months > 0) StartDate = StartDate.AddMonths(R.Months);
    for (DateTime D = StartDate.AddDays(1); D < EndDate; D = D.AddDays(1), R.Days++) ;
    if (R.Days > 0) StartDate = StartDate.AddDays(R.Days);

    // Calculate Time Stuff
    TimeSpan T1 = EndDate - StartDate;
    R.Hours = T1.Hours;
    R.Minutes = T1.Minutes;
    R.Seconds = T1.Seconds;
    R.Milliseconds = T1.Milliseconds;

    // Return answer. Negate values if the Start Date was later than the End Date
    if (Later)
      return new DateTimeSpan(-R.Years, -R.Months, -R.Days, -R.Hours, -R.Minutes, -R.Seconds, -R.Milliseconds);
    return R;
  }
}

Respondido el 07 de enero de 19 a las 22:01

When comparing with CompareDates(x, y) dónde x={01/02/2019 00:00:00} y y={01/05/2020 00:00:00} luego Months me da 2 - bajista

Insane method that counts all days, so super precise

helper class :

public class DaysInMonth
{
    public int Days { get; set; }
    public int Month { get; set; }
    public int Year { get; set; }
    public bool Full { get; set; }
}

función:

    public static List<DaysInMonth> MonthsDelta(DateTime start, DateTime end)
    {
        
        var dates = Enumerable.Range(0, 1 + end.Subtract(start).Days)
          .Select(offset => start.AddDays(offset))
          .ToArray();

        DateTime? prev = null;
        int days = 0;

        List < DaysInMonth > list = new List<DaysInMonth>();

        foreach (DateTime date in dates)
        {
            if (prev != null)
            {
                if(date.Month!=prev.GetValueOrDefault().Month)
                {
                    DaysInMonth daysInMonth = new DaysInMonth();
                    daysInMonth.Days = days;
                    daysInMonth.Month = prev.GetValueOrDefault().Month;
                    daysInMonth.Year = prev.GetValueOrDefault().Year;
                    daysInMonth.Full = DateTime.DaysInMonth(daysInMonth.Year, daysInMonth.Month) == daysInMonth.Days;
                    list.Add(daysInMonth);
                    days = 0;
                }
            }
            days++;
            prev = date;
        }

        //------------------ add last
        if (days > 0)
        {
            DaysInMonth daysInMonth = new DaysInMonth();
            daysInMonth.Days = days;
            daysInMonth.Month = prev.GetValueOrDefault().Month;
            daysInMonth.Year = prev.GetValueOrDefault().Year;
            daysInMonth.Full = DateTime.DaysInMonth(daysInMonth.Year, daysInMonth.Month) == daysInMonth.Days;
            list.Add(daysInMonth);
        }

        return list;
    }

Respondido 19 Feb 21, 15:02

Expanded Kirks struct with ToString(format) and Duration(long ms)

 public struct DateTimeSpan
{
    private readonly int years;
    private readonly int months;
    private readonly int days;
    private readonly int hours;
    private readonly int minutes;
    private readonly int seconds;
    private readonly int milliseconds;

    public DateTimeSpan(int years, int months, int days, int hours, int minutes, int seconds, int milliseconds)
    {
        this.years = years;
        this.months = months;
        this.days = days;
        this.hours = hours;
        this.minutes = minutes;
        this.seconds = seconds;
        this.milliseconds = milliseconds;
    }

    public int Years { get { return years; } }
    public int Months { get { return months; } }
    public int Days { get { return days; } }
    public int Hours { get { return hours; } }
    public int Minutes { get { return minutes; } }
    public int Seconds { get { return seconds; } }
    public int Milliseconds { get { return milliseconds; } }

    enum Phase { Years, Months, Days, Done }


    public string ToString(string format)
    {
        format = format.Replace("YYYY", Years.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("MM", Months.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("DD", Days.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("hh", Hours.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("mm", Minutes.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("ss", Seconds.ToString());
        format = format.Replace("ms", Milliseconds.ToString());
        return format;
    }


    public static DateTimeSpan Duration(long ms)
    {
        DateTime dt = new DateTime();
        return CompareDates(dt, dt.AddMilliseconds(ms));
    }


    public static DateTimeSpan CompareDates(DateTime date1, DateTime date2)
    {
        if (date2 < date1)
        {
            var sub = date1;
            date1 = date2;
            date2 = sub;
        }

        DateTime current = date1;
        int years = 0;
        int months = 0;
        int days = 0;

        Phase phase = Phase.Years;
        DateTimeSpan span = new DateTimeSpan();

        while (phase != Phase.Done)
        {
            switch (phase)
            {
                case Phase.Years:
                    if (current.AddYears(years + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        phase = Phase.Months;
                        current = current.AddYears(years);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        years++;
                    }
                    break;
                case Phase.Months:
                    if (current.AddMonths(months + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        phase = Phase.Days;
                        current = current.AddMonths(months);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        months++;
                    }
                    break;
                case Phase.Days:
                    if (current.AddDays(days + 1) > date2)
                    {
                        current = current.AddDays(days);
                        var timespan = date2 - current;
                        span = new DateTimeSpan(years, months, days, timespan.Hours, timespan.Minutes, timespan.Seconds, timespan.Milliseconds);
                        phase = Phase.Done;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        days++;
                    }
                    break;
            }
        }

        return span;
    }
}

Respondido el 06 de diciembre de 13 a las 17:12

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