Utilizando . o [] para acceder a las propiedades del objeto: ¿cuál es la diferencia?

What is the difference between the code (i) and (ii) written below ?

(I)

var obj:Object = new Object();
obj.attribute = value ;

(Ii)

var obj:Object = new Object();
obj["key"] = value;

Are there any run-time implications if I write this :

var obj:Object = new Object();
obj.somekey = value1 ;
obj["someKey"] = value2 ;

Por favor explique.

preguntado el 01 de febrero de 12 a las 14:02

1 Respuestas

The difference is in the lookup mechanism: If you use the dot syntax, the compiler will know at compile time that you are accessing a property of that object. If you use the bracket syntax, the actual lookup of the property is done at runtime, and there will have to be more type checking - after all, you could compose the key string dynamically, the value could change, or you could even be calling a function instead of a variable, etc.

The result is a significant difference in performance: Bracket syntax takes about three times as long to execute as dot syntax.

Here's a little speed test to illustrate my point:

var start : int = getTimer();

var obj:Object = { something : "something" };

for (var i : int = 0; i < 100000000; i++) {
    var n:String = obj.something;
}

trace ("Time with dot syntax: "+(getTimer() - start));

start = getTimer();

for (i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) {
    var o:String = obj["something"];
}

trace ("Time with bracket syntax: "+(getTimer() - start));

If the two were the same, except for notation, they should take exactly the same amount of time. But as you can see, this is not the case. On my machine:

Time with dot syntax:      3937
Time with bracket syntax:  9857

Respondido 01 Feb 12, 18:02

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