Cómo ejecutar un script csh desde un script sh

I was wondering if there is a way to source a csh script from a sh script. Below is an example of what is trying to be implemented:



source script2


#!/bin/csh -f

setenv TEST 1234
set path = /home/user/sandbox

When I run sh script1.sh, I get syntax errors generated from script2 (expected since we are using a different Shebang). Is there a way I can run script2 through script1?

preguntado el 28 de enero de 14 a las 18:01

5 Respuestas

En lugar de source script2 ejecutarlo como:

csh -f script2

Respondido el 28 de enero de 14 a las 18:01

Since your use case depends on retaining environment variables set by the csh script, try adding this to the beginning of script1:


if [ "$csh_executed" -ne 1 ]; then
    csh_executed=1 exec csh -c "source script2;
                                exec /bin/sh \"$0\" \"\$argv\"" "$@"

# rest of script1

Si csh_executed variable is not set to 1 in the environment, run a csh script that sources script2 then executes an instance of sh, which will retain the changes to the environment made in script2. exec is used to avoid creating new processes for each shell instance, instead just "switching" from one shell to the next. Setting csh_executed en el entorno de la csh command ensures that we don't get stuck in a loop when script1 is re-executed by the csh ejemplo.

Unfortunately, there is one drawback that I don't think can be fixed, at least not with my limited knowledge of csh: the second invocation of script1 receives all the original arguments as a single string, rather than a sequence of distinct arguments.

Respondido el 28 de enero de 14 a las 19:01

No quieres source there; it runs the given script inside your existing shell, without spawning a subprocess. Obviously, your sh process can't run something like that which isn't a sh script.

Just call the script directly, assuming it is executable:


Respondido el 28 de enero de 14 a las 18:01

The closest you can come to sourcing a script with a different executor than your original script is to use exec. exec will replace the running process space with the new process. Unlike source, however, when your exec-ed program ends, the entire process ends. So you can do this:


exec /path/to/csh/script

pero no puedes hacer esto:


exec /path/to/csh/script

However, are you sure you really want to fuente the script? Maybe you just want to run it in a subprocess:


csh -f /path/to/csh/script

Respondido el 28 de enero de 14 a las 18:01

Thank you for the informative answer. After reading your answer I see that I meant to run it as a subprocess. Forgive my haste but I am still getting use to posting. - user3245776

You want the settings in your csh script to apply to the sh script that invokes it.

Basically, you can't do that, though there are some (rather ugly) ways you could make it work. If you ejecutar your csh script, it will set those variables in the context of the process running the script; they'll vanish as soon as it returns to the caller.

Your best bet is simply to write a new version of your csh script as an sh script y source or . it from the calling sh script.

You could translate your csh script:

#!/bin/csh -f

setenv TEST 1234
set path = /home/user/sandbox

a esto:

export TEST=1234
export PATH=/home/user/sandbox

(csh treats the shell array variable $path specially, tying it to the environment variable $PATH. sh and its derivatives don't do that, they deal with $PATH itself directly.)

Note that a script intended to be sourced should no tiene un #! line at the top, since it doesn't make sense to execute it in its own process; you need to execute its contents in the context of the caller.

If maintaining two copies of the script, one to be sourced from csh or tcsh scripts and another to be sourcedo .ed from sh/ksh/bash/zsh script, is not practical, there are other solutions. For example, your script can print a series of sh commands to be executed; you can then do something like

eval `./foo.csh`

(line endings will pose some issues here).

Or you can modify the csh script so it sets the required environment variables and then invokes some specified command, which could be a new interactive shell; this is inconvenient, since it doesn't set those variables in the interactive shell you're running.

If a software package requires some special environment variables to be set, it's common practice to provide scripts called, for example, setup.sh y setup.csh, so that sh/ksh/bash/zsh users can do:

. /path/to/package/setup.sh

and csh/tcsh users can do:

source /path/to/package/setup.csh

Incidentally, this command:

set path = /home/user/sandbox

in your sample script is probably not a good idea. It reemplaza tu entero $PATH with just a single directory, which means you won't be able to execute simple commands like ls unless you specify their full paths. You'd usually want something like:

set path = ( $path /home/user/sandbox )

or, in sh:


Respondido el 28 de enero de 14 a las 19:01

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